Skip to content ↓

Physical Education

 

subject overview

Physical Education develops learners' competence and confidence to take part in a range of physical activities that become a central part of their lives, both in and out of school. Our PE curriculum enables all learners to enjoy and succeed in many kinds of physical activity as well as developing abilities that will allow them to succeed in higher education and careers. At Harrow High School we endeavour to use Physical education as a means to help learners to develop the skills, knowledge, and competencies to live healthy and physically active lives at school and develop a lifelong love for physical activity. Through years 7 to 11 we equip learners with scientific knowledge about the different body systems, types of fitness and training, and healthy lifestyles. This knowledge is developed alongside physical skills and ability that allow all to engage in sports and exercise safely and competently both in and out of school and as adults

unit overview - autumn term 

Subject: Sports, Anatomy & Physiology

Skills

Understanding of the basic structures and functions of body systems that are particularly important to physical activities and sports.

Evaluating the effects of the short and long-term effects of exercise on these systems, and how these effects can impact on physical fitness and performance.

Ability to collect and use data, analyse movement and apply their knowledge and understanding, using examples from physical activity and sport

 Application of knowledge and understanding of the short and long-term effects of exercise on muscles and bones, the heart and the respiratory system. They will be able to apply understanding of these effects to examples from a range of physical activities and sports.

Extended writing skills – knowledge of how 9 markers and 6 markers are marked. What AO1 / 2 / 3 content needs to be included and how to best structure their answers.

Knowledge

Names and locations of major bones

Functions of the skeleton

Types of Synovial joint

Types of movements at hinge joints and ball and socket joints

Components of joints

Location of major muscle groups

The role of muscles in movement

Structure and function of the cardio vascular system

Structure and function of the respiratory system

Aerobic and Anaerobic exercise

Short term effects of exercise on all the body systems

Long term effects of exercise on all the body systems

Rationale

This unit will prepare learners for the further study of PE or sports science courses as well as other related subject areas such as biology and there is also a very close cross curricular link to Science. Learners will also develop the transferable skills that are in demand by further education, Higher Education and employers in all sectors of industry.

The content of this unit will equip learners with the knowledge, understanding, skills and values to develop and maintain their performance in physical activities and understand the benefits to health, fitness and well-being.

 This will require them to develop theoretical knowledge and understanding of the factors that underpin physical activity and sport and use this knowledge to improve performance. And understand how the physiological  state affects performance in physical activity and sport.

 This unit introduces and explores some of the physical factors which underpin participation and performance in physical activities and sports. Learners will start to explore the ways in which parts of the human body work and function during physical activity and the physiological adaptations that can occur due to diet and training. It is hoped that this will encourage them to continue to participate in physical activity through understanding the physical benefits for them.

unit overview - spring term 

Subject: Sports, Movement Analysis

Skills

Application of the three classes of lever and will be able to use examples from physical activities and sport to show where these levers might operate to produce movement.

Understanding of the mechanical advantage provided by levers in movement.

Conceptualising the three planes of movement and be able to give examples of these levers from different physical activities and sports.

Application of Frontal, transverse and longitudinal axes of rotation to examples from physical activities and sports.

Extended writing skills – knowledge of how 9 markers and 6 markers are marked. What AO1 / 2 / 3 content needs to be included and how to best structure their answers.

Knowledge

Lever systems – know the three classes of lever and their use in physical activity and sport

Mechanical advantage

Planes of movement – know the location of the planes of movement and their application in physical activity and sport

Axes of rotation – know the location of the axes of rotation and their application in physical activity and sport

       Sporting examples for all aspects of movement analysis

Rationale

Learners will start to explore the ways in which parts of the human body work and function during physical activity and the physiological adaptations that can occur due to diet and training. The study of these topics will aid learners in the development of both their own practical performance and that of others. Learners will develop the ability to collect and use data, analyse movement and apply their knowledge and understanding, using examples from physical activity and sport.

 Biomechanics is most useful in improving the performance of an athlete through improving the technique rather than relying on physiological capacity and physical built. Learners will discover that human movement is the most important contributor to performance. Sports biomechanics studies human motion during exercise and in sports. Learners will develop an understanding of how Physics and the laws of mechanics are applied to athletic performance and how biomechanics can be applied to individuals, analysing their movements and coaching them for more effective movement during exercise and sports movement.

unit overview - summer term

Subject: Physical training

Skills

Identification the components of fitness when observing sports:

Recall the definitions of principles of training and be able to apply them to personal exercise/training programmes:

Application of the definition of the elements of FITT (Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type) and be able to relate these elements to personal exercise/training programmes 

Analysis of the different types of training, definitions and examples of who would use them and why:

Demonstrate the key components of a warm up

Justification of the physical benefits of a warm up, including effects on performance:

Application of examples of the key components of a cool down.

Evaluate the physical benefits of a cool down

Relate how the risk of injury in physical activity and sport can be minimised and be able to apply examples,

Extended writing skills – knowledge of how 9 markers and 6 markers are marked. What AO1 / 2 / 3 content needs to be included and how to best structure their answers.

Knowledge

Components of fitness

Be able to collect and use data relating to the components of fitness.

Principles of training

Injury in sport

Rationale

Learners will develop their knowledge and understanding of the components of fitness required for physical activities and sports and how each can be measured. This is really interesting for those learners with an interest or involved in sport. They are able to analyse sport and consider different ways that they can measure and improve fitness.

Learners will also be able to apply their knowledge of training principles to personal exercise/training programmes to improve fitness, along with the knowledge of how to optimise training and helping to prevent injury.

Learners will develop their knowledge and understanding of the components of fitness, including cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, speed, strength, flexibility and agility. Learners will be able to define each component and be able to apply using a range of practical examples from physical activities and sports. Learners will also develop their knowledge of suitable tests for each component.

Learners will be able to collect and use data related to the identified components of fitness.

Learners will develop their knowledge and understanding of the principles of training. They will be able to define each principle and be able to apply each to personal exercise/ training programmes. Learners will develop their knowledge and understanding of how to optimise training using the FITT principle and different types of training. Learners will develop their knowledge and understanding of the key components and physical benefits of the warm up and cool down applied to physical activities and sports.

knowledge Organiser

A knowledge organiser is an important document that lists the important facts that learners should know by the end of a unit of work. It is important that learners can recall these facts easily, so that when they are answering challenging questions in their assessments and GCSE and A-Level exams, they are not wasting precious time in exams focusing on remembering simple facts, but making complex arguments, and calculations.

We encourage all pupils to use them by doing the following:

  • Quiz themselves at home, using the read, write, cover, check method.
  • Practise spelling key vocabulary
  • Further researching people, events and processes most relevant to the unit.