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Physical Education

 

subject overview

Physical Education develops learners' competence and confidence to take part in a range of physical activities that become a central part of their lives, both in and out of school. Our PE curriculum enables all learners to enjoy and succeed in many kinds of physical activity as well as developing abilities that will allow them to succeed in higher education and careers. At Harrow High School we endeavour to use Physical education as a means to help learners to develop the skills, knowledge, and competencies to live healthy and physically active lives at school and develop a lifelong love for physical activity. Through years 7 to 11 we equip learners with scientific knowledge about the different body systems, types of fitness and training, and healthy lifestyles. This knowledge is developed alongside physical skills and ability that allow all to engage in sports and exercise safely and competently both in and out of school and as adults

unit overview - autumn term

Subject: Sports, Society and Culture

Skills

Recognise and explain using examples the factors affecting physical activity in the UK.

Recall and state the trends in physical activity in the UK and the different organisations that promote sport.

Demonstrate and apply strategies which can be used to improve participation.

Conceptualise the use and implementation of commercialisation, sponsorship and media to sport and explain its importance.

Justify using examples from different sports the difference between sportsmanship, gamesmanship, deviance and violence in sport.

Interpret and validate why people use performance enhancing drugs and what drugs they use.

Extended writing skills – knowledge of how 9 markers and 6 markers are marked. What AO1 / 2 / 3 content needs to be included and how to best structure their answers.

Knowledge

How sport is promoted to all people in the UK through NGBs, Sport England and DCMS

Factors can affect participation in physical activity in the UK

Promotion, provision and access increase participation in sport

The golden triangle with sporting examples.

Positive and negative effects of media and commercialisation.

The value of sportsmanship and why people use gamesmanship and deviance with practical examples.

Performance Enhancing Drugs, their effects on performance and sporting examples.

Violence in sport.

Rationale

Sport, society and culture gives a fascinating insight into both professional sport and sport on a participation level, giving learners an engaging module where they can look at the current concerns in sport.

The module is split into three major areas, all of which are challenging and interesting for learners at Harrow High School. Engagement patterns gives our learners an opportunity to understand the barriers to sport for all different sub-groups, and even gives them a chance to see if they can overcome these barriers themselves.

Commercialisation of sport allows us to understand the major impact that media, sponsorship and commercialisation has on professional sport. In the modern world of sports, this is an intriguing module which allows our learners to look at high level sport and understand the increasing impact that sponsorship and media has. The final part of the module looks into the influence of sportsmanship, gamesmanship, violence and performance enhancing drugs. Learners at Harrow High School find this module one of the most absorbing and interesting, where they can understand what drives top level performers to be the best in the world.

unit overview - spring term

Subject: Sports Psychology

Skills

Understanding of skilful movements, giving sporting examples

Application of the environmental and difficulty continuum, using appropriate sporting examples.

Justify using examples why someone would set a goal, and how this could help them.

Evaluating why a performer must use mental preparation techniques in order to succeed

Recognise and validate how feedback and guidance effect a performer, using appropriate sporting examples.

Extended writing skills – knowledge of how 9 markers and 6 markers are marked. What AO1 / 2 / 3 content needs to be included and how to best structure their answers.

Knowledge

Characteristics of a skilful movement

Classification of skills

How goal setting is used

Mental preparation techniques and be able to apply them to relevant sporting examples

Types of guidance, their advantages and disadvantages, and be able to apply practical examples to their use.

Types of feedback and be able to apply practical examples to their use.

Rationale

Sports Psychology is one of the most engaging, and challenging modules on the AQA GCSE PE specification. With interesting topics such as types of guidance and feedback, learners get a chance to experience first-hand the concept of psychology within sport.

Sport psychology gives learners an opportunity to learn about optimal performance and what allows high level performers to achieve their goals. In the past decade, the world of sport has changed a great deal, with sports psychology being cited as one of the reasons for many athlete’s successes. There are more careers than ever within sports psychology, with all top-level sports teams looking to psychology to gain an advantage. This module also gives learners a chance to learn about a key concept in A-Level Physical Education, with a possibility to study sports psychology at university.

Learners will learn about goal setting, which is an excellent link to their aspirations for GCSE’s, A-levels, University and career. This module gives learners an insight into how to set, manage and achieve their targets, something that is key in the run up to exams.

A recent addition to the GCSE specification, Sports Psychology gives learners an opportunity to learn about something completely new and relevant to the sporting world.

unit overview - summer term

Subject: Health, fitness and well-being

Skills

Design a balanced diet.

Analysing the benefits and of a balance d diet and the consequences of not having one.

Ability to discuss the physical / social and emotional benefits of exercise.

Use of graphs and data to analyse performance discussing health / fitness and well being

Understanding of the importance of hydration and the effects of dehydration.

Evaluating and justifying why different types of athlete / sports require different diets

Extended writing skills – knowledge of how 9 markers and 6 markers are marked. What AO1 / 2 / 3 content needs to be included and how to best structure their answers.

Application of the negative effects of poor lifestyle choices when answering questions with reference to health complications associated with obesity and smoking.

Knowledge

Health, fitness and well-being 

The different health benefits of physical activity and consequences of a sedentary lifestyle. Physical / Emotional / Social benefits.

Effects on different age groups

Data about health, fitness and well-being

The components of a balanced diet

Effect of diet and hydration on energy use in physical activity

Physical activity and sport to diet and hydration.

Rationale

Learners will develop their knowledge and understanding of the benefits of participating in physical activities and sport to health, fitness and well-being as well as having a clear definition of health and fitness. Learners will know about the physical, emotional and social benefits as well as the consequences of a sedentary lifestyle.

Learners will develop their knowledge and understanding of diet and nutrition. Learners will understand the main components of a balanced diet, including the effects of these components and hydration on performers using a range of examples from physical activities and sports

knowledge Organiser

A knowledge organiser is an important document that lists the important facts that learners should know by the end of a unit of work. It is important that learners can recall these facts easily, so that when they are answering challenging questions in their assessments and GCSE and A-Level exams, they are not wasting precious time in exams focusing on remembering simple facts, but making complex arguments, and calculations.

We encourage all pupils to use them by doing the following:

  • Quiz themselves at home, using the read, write, cover, check method.
  • Practise spelling key vocabulary
  • Further researching people, events and processes most relevant to the unit.